Guam is the westernmost point, an organized territory of the United States located in the Western Pacific in the geographic region known as Micronesia. The capital city of Guam is Hagåtña and the most popular city is Dededo. It is the largest and southernmost of the Mariana Islands chain. Guam is well known for its strategic military and economic position between Asia and the North American continent.

About the island

Origin people: Chamorros (Chamorus), who has been first settled in the island 3,500 years ago.

Capital City: Hagåtña

Leadership:  Governor Lourdes A. Leon Guerrero, Lt. Governor Joshua Tenorio, Congressman Michael San Nicolas, Legislative Speaker Tina Muna-Barnes, Chief Justice Kathy Maraman, Attorney General Leevin Taitano Camacho.

Politically: Organized, unincorporated territory of the United States since 1950. It is considered to be an US colony and was previously a colony of Spain, the US, Japan and then the US again after World War II.

Economy: Its mainly dependant on tourism particularly from Japan, Korea and the United States armed forces. The US military is the secondary economic force.

Slogans: Tano I’ ManChamorro (Land of the Chamorros). As the United States westernmost territory: “Where America’s Day Begins.”

Villages: Asan-Maina, Agana Heights, Agat, Barrigada, Chalan Pago-Ordot, Dededo, Hagåtña, Inarajan, Mangilao, Merizo, Mongmong-Toto-Maite, Piti, Santa Rita, Sinajana, Talofofo, Tamuning-Tumon-Harmon, Umatac, Yigo, and Yona.

Land Area: 214 square miles ( 549 square kilometers ) which includes outlying islands.

Location: Latitude 13.28 degrees North and Longitude 144.47 East, the largest and southernmost of the Mariana Islands in the Micronesian region of the Pacific.

Official Languages: English and Chamorro

Time: Chamorro Standard Time (Greenwich Mean Time +10)

Population: 159, 358 (2010 US Census)

Currency: US Dollar

Climate: Between 75-86 deg Fahrenheit (26-30 deg Celsius). Averaging 81 deg Fahrenheit (28 deg Celsius)

Seasons: Dry season between January and May; Rainy season between August and November.

Rainfall: Annually, the average is approximately 80 inches (2,509 millimeters)

Guam Territorial Bird: Ko’ko’ or Guam Rail.

Guam Territorial Tree: Ifit or Ifil (Intsia Bijuga).

Guam Territorial Flower: Puti tai nobio or Bougainvillea.